Since israel’s founding in 1948 it has struggled to supply potable drinking water to its rapidly growing population including for agriculture. With only one substatial body of fresh water, the Sea of Galilee or Lake Kineret, Israel has had to become very creative and strategic in managing and maximizings its water supply.
Water Management Technologies
One of Israel’s first major capital development initiative was to create a National Water Authority to evaluate and manage the limited fresh water supplies the country possessed. Among the first achievents of the National Water Authority was to drain malaria infested swamps in order to both reduce the risk of malaria transmission, to consolidate the swamp water into usable water retention ponds and create some of the nation’s most fertile farm land. Following this, the National Water Authority designed and built a national network of pipes and channels in order to distrubute water from the relatively water-rich north to central and southern Israel. To this day Israel’s national water grid is both a proud technological achievement and vital element of Israel’s national infrastructure.
Netafim developed drip irrigation technology, a way to precisely deliver only the required amoun of precious water to each plant through hoses with carefully position holes. In more recent years Netafim has led the world in the development of intelligent agriculture using Artificial Intelligence and related technologies to maximize crop yield. Kedma’s Josph Breitner was a long time design engineer for Netafim.
Cooling water treatment
Potable Water Production Technology
Israel has become a global leader in water desalination. Over the years, Israel has built large desalination and increasigly efficient desalination plants which use sal water from the Mediteraneum Sea in particular to provide a secure and adequate supply of potable water for all of its demestic needs.
Israel has become the undisputed global leader in wastewater treatment and resuse. Israel has developed a wide variety of technologies to treat agricultural, industrial and municipal wastewater into reusable fresh water. Numerous studies have confirmed that Israel recycles about 90% of its wastewater. Spain is the second most efficient recycler, but it only recycles 20% of its wastewater. Most other nations fall much farther below these statistics.